2011 Cricket World Cup Final


The 2011 ICC Cricket World Cup Final was
played between India and Sri Lanka at the Wankhede Stadium in Mumbai on 2
April 2011. This was the 10th ICC Cricket World Cup. India won the match
by six wickets, its second World Cup victory, having previously won in 1983.
India became the third nation to have won the World Cup more than once, along
with Australia and the West Indies. This was the first World Cup where both the
finalists were Asian teams. This was the second time in World Cup history that a
host nation won the World Cup Final and the first time to win on their home
ground. Sri Lanka was a co-host when it won the 1996 Cup, but the final match
was played in Lahore, Pakistan. In the stadium, the match was watched by 42,000
spectators and on TV, the final was watched by 135 million viewers in India.
Background Prior to this match, India and Sri Lanka
had met each other seven times in World Cup history with Sri Lanka ahead with
four wins and two defeats and one game ending in a no result. In One Day
Internationals, India led Sri Lanka with 75 victories against 52 victories for
Sri Lanka, while 11 matches had ended with no result.
The final generated huge interest. It was the first time both World Cup
finalists were Asian teams. The President of Sri Lanka Mahinda
Rajapaksa, a known cricket enthusiast, announced he would attend the match
along with his sons. Following this, the Indian President Pratibha Patil also
announced her decision to attend the match.
Road to the final Sri Lanka qualified for the knockouts
with a second-place finish in Group A. They won four of their six games,
suffered a defeat against Pakistan and against Australia was washed out. Being
level on points with Australia, they were placed second in the group due to
their better net run rate. India were drawn in Group B where they
finished second behind South Africa. They managed wins in four of their six
games, lost one against South Africa while their game against England was a
high scoring tie. Sri Lanka had clinically demolished
England in the quarter final, defeating them by 10 wickets. Both the Sri Lankan
openers, Tillakaratne Dilshan and Upul Tharanga made unbeaten centuries and put
up a world-record stand for the first wicket in a World Cup. The New Zealand
semi-final was more keenly contested, but was still won with relative ease by
Sri Lanka. The matches showcased the effective unconventional bowling of pace
spearhead Lasith Malinga, restrictive fielding, and the batting prowess of the
Sri Lankan top order. Both of India’s knockout matches were
high-pressure contests. Australia was a strong team and defending champion, and
India had to give a very good performance to restrict Australia to 260
and then successfully chase down the target even as wickets fell regularly.
Pakistan and India have historically been rivals, and there was immense
public pressure on both teams. The match was attended by the Prime Ministers of
both India and Pakistan. India batted first and ultimately defeated Pakistan
by 29 runs. Team composition
India largely retained the same team it had in the semi-final against Pakistan,
with just one change. Ashish Nehra, left-arm medium pacer, had suffered a
finger fracture while fielding in that match, and he was replaced by another
pacer, Sreesanth. India was widely rated as having the strongest batting line-up
in the tournament, and chose to back this strength throughout the campaign by
playing seven batsmen and four bowlers. Due to Yuvraj Singh performing well with
both bat and ball in the tournament, India could afford to play with only
four specialist bowlers. Yuvraj bowled his full quota of 10 overs in many
matches, including the semi-final against Pakistan. Among the four bowling
slots, Zaheer Khan was the pace spearhead supported in most matches by
Munaf Patel, while Harbhajan Singh was the regular off-spinner. The fourth slot
was taken by different bowlers in different matches, including Sreesanth,
Nehra, leg-spinner Piyush Chawla, or off-spinner Ravichandran Ashwin. The
captain had chosen Nehra over Ashwin in the match against Pakistan also. Indian
captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni had then said he preferred having three seamers
because it gave him more options. He already had proven spinners in Harbhajan
and Yuvraj, and could call upon many other Indian players who can bowl
part-time spin. Sri Lanka made four changes to their
side from the semi-final. All-rounder Angelo Mathews had suffered a torn
quadriceps and could not play. Sri Lanka knew the Indians’ strength was batting,
and thus they needed to take wickets to put them under pressure. This led to
their choosing a full complement of bowlers. Spin bowler Ajantha Mendis had
performed well throughout the tournament, but he had a poor record
against India in pre-World Cup clashes and was not chosen for the final.
Spinner Rangana Herath was also dropped. Off-spinner Suraj Randiv and batsman
Chamara Kapugedera were flown in from Sri Lanka to strengthen the side.
Seamers Nuwan Kulasekara and Thisara Perera, who had played matches in the
earlier group stage, were drafted into the team. Legendary spinner Muttiah
Muralitharan was carrying minor injuries, but was retained. He had
announced that he would retire from One Day International cricket after the
World Cup, so this was his last match. The semi-final held at the Premadasa
Stadium in Colombo was his last ODI match on home soil, and there he had
been carried around the stadium, perched on his teammates’ shoulders, on a lap of
honour after that match. Match details
=Match officials=The on-field umpires were Simon Taufel
of Australia and Aleem Dar of Pakistan, with Ian Gould being the third umpire.
All of these umpires are highly rated; Taufel has won 5 ICC Umpire of the Year
awards, while Dar has won two. Taufel had never been able to officiate in a
World Cup final because Australia had been qualifying for the finals in the
last four editions. Jeff Crowe was the match referee and Steve Davis the
reserve umpire.=Toss=
A controversy developed when Kumar Sangakkara called the toss. The toss
came up as heads, but the match referee Jeff Crowe did not hear the call over
the crowd. It was decided that there would be a re-toss. Sangakkara called
heads as the coin was spun the second time. He won the re-toss and elected to
bat.=Sri Lankan innings=
Sri Lanka started the innings slowly, constrained by good bowling from Zaheer
Khan and committed fielding from Yuvraj Singh, Suresh Raina, and Virat Kohli
inside the 30-yard circle. Zaheer began with three consecutive maidens and the
wicket of Upul Tharanga, conceding only six runs in his five-over spell. Sri
Lankan opener Tillakaratne Dilshan was bowled by Harbhajan Singh when a
delivery carried on to the stumps after deflecting off his gloves. Captain
Kumara Sangakkara came in after Tharanga’s dismissal, and was building a
solid foundation with Dilshan before the latter was dismissed. Mahela Jayawardene
came to the crease when Sri Lanka were 60/2 in the 17th over. Sangakkara and
Mahela went about the task of consolidating the innings, but
eventually Sangakkara was caught behind by Dhoni at 48. New batsman Thilan
Samaraweera was adjudged not out by the umpire when a ball hit his thigh pad off
the bowling of Yuvraj Singh. The Indians decided to review the decision and he
was ultimately given out. Chamara Kapugedera, who was playing his first
World Cup match, was caught off a deceptive slower ball by Zaheer Khan.
Jayawardene, meanwhile, continued with his quality batting, ultimately scoring
103 not out from 88 balls in a high-class batting display. Helped by
the hard-hitting of Nuwan Kulasekara and Thisara Perera, Sri Lanka scored 91 runs
in the last 10 overs, including 63 in the batting powerplay to take the score
to 274/6.=Indian innings=
India had a shaky start, with Virender Sehwag and Sachin Tendulkar both
dismissed early by Lasith Malinga, leaving them struggling at 31 for two.
Sehwag was trapped LBW for a duck on the second ball of the innings. Tendulkar
started with some good strokes, racing to 18 off 14 balls, but then edged a
catch to wicketkeeper Sangakkara. Virat Kohli and Gautam Gambhir started the
recovery with some fluent stroke play and quick running between wickets,
taking India to 114 before Kohli was caught-and-bowled by Tillakaratne
Dilshan for 35. When he was on 30, Gambhir mistimed a shot off the bowling
of Suraj Randiv, sending the ball high up in the air, but Nuwan Kulasekara
could not hold on to a difficult chance at long off. Kohli and Gambhir put
together an 83-run partnership before Kohli’s dismissal. Dhoni came in after
Kohli to bat at number five, usually the position of Yuvraj Singh. Both Kohli and
Dhoni are right-handed batsmen, while Gambhir and Yuvraj are left-handed.
Along with other considerations, by coming ahead of Yuvraj, Dhoni ensured
there would be a right-left batting combination between him and Gambhir,
which makes it difficult for the bowlers to get into a rhythm, and necessitates
frequent field changes. Both Gambhir and Dhoni emphasised on preserving the
wickets, and later accelerating with a greater flow of boundaries. Gambhir and
Dhoni added 109 for the fourth wicket with Gambhir scoring 97. Gambhir tried
to finish his century with a boundary, but his heaving bat failed to connect
with the ball, and he was bowled by Thisara Perera. Following Gambhir’s
dismissal, 52 runs were required off 52 balls. Yuvraj Singh was the new batsman
and along with Dhoni took India to victory, and Dhoni sealed the match
hitting a six off Nuwan Kulasekara,when only 4 runs were required off 11 balls.
Dhoni finished on 91 not out from 79 deliveries. Like in many other day-night
matches in the subcontinent, dew started to form on the outfield grass in the
night, making the ball damp and difficult to grip especially in the
later part of India’s batting. However, this was a known factor and was taken
into consideration by the Sri Lankan captain when he chose to bat first after
winning the toss. By crossing the target of 274, India had set a record for the
highest successful run-chase in a World Cup final.
At the end of the match, the batting strength of both the teams stood out.
The three top run scorers of this tournament were from these finalists:
Tillekaratne Dilshan, Sachin Tendulkar, and Kumar Sangakkara. In the top 10
tournament scorers, there were 3 from Sri Lanka in addition to the previous
two), and 4 from India, Virender Sehwag, and Yuvraj Singh in addition to Sachin).
Post-match ceremony and celebrations In the post-match presentation, the Sri
Lankan captain Kumar Sangakkara said that the Indians batted very well, and
“looks like you need to make something like 350 runs to put them under
pressure.” The Indian captain MS Dhoni said that he had added motivation to
play well to justify some unexpected decisions he had made for this match,
like playing Sreesanth instead of Ashwin, and promoting himself up the
order above Yuvraj. MS Dhoni was named Man of the Match for his powerful and
match-winning batting display under pressure. Yuvraj Singh was named Man of
the Tournament for good all-round performance with both bat and ball
throughout the tournament. After the presentation, an ecstatic
Indian team first held the Cup amid showers of champagne and confetti. Some
Indian players, including Harbhajan Singh, Sachin Tendulkar, and Yuvraj
Singh, had tears in their eyes. The team then carried iconic player Tendulkar on
a victory lap around the stadium. Coach Gary Kirsten was also carried around the
ground later. The Indian players dedicated their victory to Tendulkar;
Virat Kohli said, “he has carried the burden of the nation for 21 years. It is
time we carried him on our shoulders.” Gautam Gambhir dedicated the victory to
the victims of the 26/11 Mumbai attacks, and to the soldiers guarding India’s
borders. Celebrations went on through the night
in the team hotel. The victory prompted several firework displays and
celebrations throughout India. In Sri Lanka, however there were only a few
firework displays. Broadcast
The final match was broadcast live in India on ESPN Star Sports’ website and
state-run free-to-air broadcasters Doordarshan and DD1. In Sri Lanka the
match was on Sri Lanka Rupavahini Corporation’s Channel Eye.
The ratings agencies TAM and aMap respectively recorded that 135 million
people in India watched the final live, including 67.6 million Indian cable and
satellite viewers. The game was watched by 13.6% of Indian TV-equipped
households on average, with a peak of 21.44% at the end of the game.
After match =Reception in Sri Lanka=
Though Sri Lankan spectators were initially disappointed, they eventually
rallied behind their team and welcomed them at the airport with garlands,
cheers, and celebration. Sri Lanka’s excellent performance through the world
cup was appreciated, and it was recognised that reaching the final was a
significant achievement in itself. Opening batsman Tillekaratne Dilshan was
the highest run scorer in the tournament, with Sangakkara being the
third highest. The Sri Lankan President Mahinda
Rajapaksa hosted High Tea for the Sri Lankan players and spouses on the
grounds of the Presidential residence, Temple Trees.
=Reception in India=Indian fans were ecstatic at the win,
and at the overall performance of the team through the tournament.
Celebrations went on through most of India over the weekend.
The Indian President Pratibha Patil hosted High Tea for the Indian players
and spouses on the grounds of the Raj Bhavan in Mumbai.
There was no ticker tape parade for the team on an open bus because of the
hectic schedule, with the 2011 edition of the Indian Premier League starting on
8 April.=Prizes for Indian Players=
Apart from the World Cup trophy itself, the Indian team was given many prizes
from the cricket board, various state governments, and public and private
companies. The BCCI declared ₹20 million reward for
each member of World Cup-winning squad. Also, cash rewards of ₹5 million and
₹2.5 million were announced for each member of support staff and selection
committee respectively. ₹20 million was awarded to Dhoni and ₹10
million awarded to four Delhi players in the victorious team from the Delhi
government. Various motor companies donated cars
including Hyundai India giving Vernas to the team, Ferrari gave a 599 GTO India
edition to Dhoni, and Audi gave a car to Man of the Tournament Yuvraj Singh
The Gujarat state government decided that both Munaf Patel and Yusuf Pathan
would be awarded with the highest sports honours of the state – Eklavya Award.
The Punjab government announced ₹10 million each for both Harbhajan Singh
and Yuvraj Singh. Maharashtra government awarded ₹10
million cash prize for Sachin Tendulkar, Zaheer Khan.
Karnataka government announced ₹2.5 million to each of the 15 members in
India’s World Cup squad. Uttarakhand offered Dhoni a residential
plot or house in the hill station of Mussoorie and a stadium will be built in
the state in his honour. A Real-Estate firm gifted luxury villas
in Noida Extension worth a total of ₹90 million to Team India.
=Change in the Sri Lanka team=After some days of deliberation, Kumar
Sangakkara, the Sri Lankan captain announced on 5 April that he was
resigning from the post of captain of the One Day International and Twenty20
sides in the long-term interest of the team. According to him, as he would be
37 by the time of the 2015 World Cup, could not be sure of his place in the
side then and it would be better for a new captain to be groomed now, who would
be at the peak of his career during that tournament. He stated he was willing to
captain the team for the upcoming tours of England and possibly Australia if the
selectors felt this would aid the transition to a new captaincy. A day
after Sangakkara’s announcement, Mahela Jayawardene resigned from the post of
vice-captain, and Aravinda de Silva from the post of Chairman of Selectors.
=Demand of Bharat Ratna for Sachin Tendulkar=
After India’s world cup performance, the legislative assembly for the state of
Maharashtra, to which Sachin Tendulkar belongs, passed a unanimous resolution.
The Bharat Ratna is India’s highest civilian award, awarded for the highest
degrees of national service. Tendulkar is already a recipient of the
second-highest Indian civilian decoration, Padma Vibhushan, and the
highest sports decoration, Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna. He was awarded the Bharat
Ratna at the end of his international career in Nov 2013 and thus becoming
first sportsperson and youngest overall to receive the honour.
References External links
International Cricket Council official 2011 World Cup website
2011 Cricket World Cup Final at the Daily Telegraph
Cricket World Cup final: India v Sri Lanka – in pictures

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