Hello and welcome! This is going to be the first in a
series of videos explaining how to play ice hockey. We’re going to start with the most basic of the basics so if you have no idea how to play hockey, you’re in the right place. The best way to learn a new sport, or any game really, is probably first to understand the court it is played on and some of the basic nomenclature. The first thing what’s look at how a hockey rink is set up. Ice hockey is unique because obviously it is played on a surface of ice. There are many
variations that you’ll see like roller hockey on roller blades or deck hockey where players running. We’ll be looking at ice hockey, although many at the rules will apply regardless that the way you’re playing. The first thing you notice about the rink is that it is a mirror image; Both sides are exactly the same.
There are a lot of lines and dots and circles, so let’s break them down. First is this red line in the middle,
which is shockingly called ‘The Red Line.’ Admittedly it’s not the most creative name the world but you can appreciate its simplicity. (/sarcasm) The red line doesn’t come into play a ton, so for now all you really have to know is that it is called the Red Line and it is in the middle. To get slightly more complex, we have ‘The Blue Lines.’
There are two of them. If you’re color blind I apologize for how boring this must be so far, but we’ll come back to the blue lines in second. If you’ve watched even thirty seconds of hockey, you probably understand
that the point is to shoot the puck into goal. ‘The goals’ or ‘the nets’ are at either end of the rink. A hockey net is 4-feet high by 6-feet wide. If you live in the 99% of the world that isn’t the United States, that is 1.2 meters high by 1.8 meters wide. Our final lines that run across the surface of the ice
are the ‘Goal Lines.’ This is the line puck must cross over in order
to be considered to be in the goal. But it also extends the entire way
across the rink for a few other reasons that will look at in future videos. In front of each goal is a half circle
area that is painted blue. This is called the ‘goal crease.’ Goalies do
not have to stay in the crease, but they will be there most the time.
So the crease kind of exists to designate the goalies’ area. Directly behind the net are two red lines that along with the goal line form a trapezoid shape. My lines are drawn a little crooked, but you get the idea. This area was only added a few years ago
in an attempt to keep goalies closer to the net. When they’re behind the net the goalie can only play the puck–he can only shoot or pass it–when he is between those lines, inside the trapezoid. The final element the rink is the faceoff spots. In sports like soccer or basketball, when the ball goes out of bounds, play will begin again with somebody passing the ball back in bounds. The way that play is restarted in hockey is called a ‘faceoff.’ You will see this happen quite a few times every game. A player for each team or stand on either side in the face off dot and their teammates will stand behind them.
Then the referee will drop the puck between them. each player will try to pass the puck
back to one of their teammates and then play will continue on from
there. The significance that these nine red circles on the ice have when it
comes to faceoffs, is the every faceoff will take place at
one of them. The game will start at the dot in the center, on the red line, but after that a faceoff could happen at any one of them. And that’s really the rink: Red line, blue lines, goal lines, the goals the creases, trapezoids, and the faceoff spots. These four circles that you see and the “L” lines inside of them are only there to tell players where to stand during faceoffs in each zone. They don’t have much
to do with what happens during the play. Speaking of these zones, I did say we’d
come back to the blue line, and we’ll get to everything in more
depth and future videos, but as I mentioned the goal of hockey is to shoot the puck
into your opponent’s net. The blue lines divide the surface into three areas: First, we have to establish that our team is trying to score in the goal on the left side. Regardless of the direction we are shooting, the area between the blue lines is called the ‘Neutral zone.’ This beige area here. Because we are going toward the left, we are said to be attacking that zone. So everything to the left of the left blue line is called the “Attacking zone.” It might also be called the ‘Offensive zone.’ Our third zone is on the right, which
contains the goal that we’re defending, and so we call this area–the green down
here–the ‘Defensive zone.’ Ideally a team would spend most of their
time with the puck in the attacking zone. because 1) the more our team has the puck the better, and 2) the further the puck is from our net, the better. “Our net” being the one which we are defending. To get an idea of the scale how big is this? In the National Hockey League, or the NHL, which is the highest level play in the world, the rink is 200-feet long and 85-feet wide. There a few differences in places other than United States, usually the rank is a little bit bigger. I won’t get into the exact sizes, but you can
find a pretty easily on Wikipedia or another web site. The next element of the rink is the benches, which is where the players sit during the game. During play each team will have five players plus their goalie on the ice. These players can change at any time, even while the puck is in play. So one player will skate over and hop onto the bench,
and another guy will jump off the bench and onto the ice. This will happen very quickly and it might seem confusing at first when five guys are jumping on and five are jumping off at the same time. Opposite the benches are smaller benches called the ‘Penalty box.’ Players who commit a foul during the game have to sit in the penalty box for a certain amount of time. Usually 2 or 5 minutes, depending on how bad the penalty was. The penalty box is kinda like being put in timeout, only everyone is 6-feet tall, 200 pounds, and has a beard. While a player is in the penalty box,
his team cannot replace him on the ice. So instead of having five players skating
around they the team will only have four until that penalty is over. But to get back to the rink, here’s a
photo of one in Canada taken from behind one of the nets. You can see the ice and a few of the lines. One thing we haven’t noted yet is the boards and the glass around the rink. The fans a hockey game or very close to the rink because they’re separated from the players by a piece of Plexiglass. If you don’t know what Plexiglas is… I think ‘Plexiglass’ is more the brand name,
but it’s basically like a two-inch thick piece of hard clear plastic. So it’s not really glass, it’s much harder
to break. So here are our fans and they sit behind the
boards, which are about 3.5-feet high. There is usually a yellow stripe along the
bottom of the boards, so you could see where the ice stops and the boards start.
And above the boards are the glass, which usually go up to about eight feet tall. And as we saw in that photo above the glass behind the goal there is a netting wraps the whole way almost up to the roof of the arena, just to keep the puck from flying into the crowd and hitting anyone. So if you did not understand what all the lines and areas in a hockey rink were were before watching this video I hope you get it now. If not, leave a comment and I’ll get back you. And if you do get it, then we can now
move on to actually learning how to play the game. I’ll see you next time and thanks for watching.