Why new diseases keep appearing in China

It was New Years Eve, 2019 when health officials
in China admitted they had a problem. Health authorities have activated their most serious response level. After an outbreak of a new type of viral pneumonia in central China. A rapidly growing number of people were developing
a dry cough and fever, before getting pneumonia. And for some, it turned fatal. Doctors have named the disease COVID-19 or
“coronavirus disease, 2019” indicating that a type of virus is causing the illness. When they’d tried to trace its origin, they
found a likely source: This food market in Wuhan. Out of the first 41 patients, 27 had been
here. It wasn’t conclusive evidence, but Chinese
officials quickly shut down the market. They had seen this happen before at a place
just like this. Health officials are trying to get a grip on an alarming outbreak of SARS. The virus originated in mainland China. Then spread across the country. The disease had been festering for months in southern China. In 2002, a coronavirus had emerged at a very
similar market, in southern China. It eventually reached
29 countries and killed nearly 800 people. Now, 18 years later, this coronavirus is in
at least 71 countries and has already killed over 3100 people. So, what do these markets have to do with
the coronavirus outbreak… and why is it happening in China? A lot of the viruses that make us sick, actually
originate in animals. Some of the viruses that cause the flu come
from birds and pigs. HIV/AIDS comes from chimpanzees. The deadly Ebola virus likely originates in
bats. And in the case of the 2019 coronavirus, there
is some evidence it went from a bat to a pangolin before infecting a human. While viruses are very good at jumping between
species, it’s rare for a deadly one to make this journey all the way to humans. That’s because it would need all these hosts
to encounter each other at some point. That’s where the Wuhan market comes in. It’s a wet-market. A kind of place where live animals are slaughtered
and sold for consumption. Peter Li is a professor and expert on China’s
animal trade. That’s exactly how a virus can jump from
one animal to another. If that animal then comes in contact with
or is consumed by a human, the virus could potentially infect them. And if the virus then spreads to other humans,
it causes an outbreak. Wet-markets are scattered all over the world,
but the ones in China are particularly well known because they offer a wide variety of
animals, including wildlife. This is a sample menu, reportedly from the
market in Wuhan. These animals are from all over the world
and each one has the potential to carry its own viruses to the market. The reason all these animals are in the same
market is because of a decision China’s government made decades ago. Back in the 1970s, China was falling apart. Famine had killed more than 36 million people. And the communist regime, which controlled
all food production, was failing to feed its more than 900 million people. In 1978, on the verge of collapse, the regime
gave up this control and allowed private farming. While large companies increasingly dominated
the production of popular foods like pork and poultry, some smaller farmers turned to
catching and raising wild animals as a way to sustain themselves. And since it started to feed and sustain people, the Chinese government backed it. But then in 1988, the government made a decision
that changed the shape of wildlife trade in China. They enacted the Wildlife Protection Law which
designated the animals as “resources owned by the state” and protected people engaged
in the “utilization of wildlife resources”. The law also “encouraged the domestication
and breeding of wildlife.” With that, an industry was born. Small local farms turned into industrial-sized
operations. For example, this bear farm started with just
three, and eventually grew to more than 1,000 bears. Bigger populations meant greater chances that
a sick animal could spread disease. Farmers were also raising a wide variety of
animals. Which meant more viruses on the farms. Nonetheless, these animals were funneled into
the wet-markets for profit. While this legal wildlife farming industry
started booming, it simultaneously provided cover for an illegal wildlife industry. Endangered animals like tigers, rhinoceroses,
and pangolins, were trafficked into China. By the early 2000s, these markets were teeming
with wild animals when the inevitable happened. The latest on the deadly SARS virus, the worldwide death toll up again today. China has reported more than 1,400 cases of infection nation-wide. It is what health officials have feared all along. In 2003, the SARS outbreak was traced to a
wet-market here, in southern China. Scientists found traces of the virus in farmed
civet cats. Chinese officials quickly shut down the markets
and banned wildlife farming. But a few months after the outbreak, the Chinese
government declared 54 species of wildlife animals, including civet cats, legal to farm
again. By 2004, the wildlife-farming industry was
worth an estimated $100 billion yuan. And it exerted significant influence over
the Chinese government. It’s because of this influence that the Chinese
government has allowed these markets to grow over the years. In 2016, for example, the government sanctioned
the farming of some endangered species like tigers, and pangolins. By 2018, the wildlife industry had grown to
148 billion yuan and had developed clever marketing tactics to keep the markets around. Yet, these products became popular with an
influential portion of China’s population: It’s this minority that the Chinese government
chose to favor over the safety of the rest of its population. Soon after the coronavirus outbreak,
the Chinese government shut down thousands of wet-markets and temporarily banned wildlife
trade again. Organizations around the world have been urging
China to make the ban permanent. Chinese social media, in particular, has been
flooded with petitions to ban it for good this time. In response, China is reportedly amending
the Wildlife Protection Law that encouraged wildlife farming decades ago. But unless these actions lead to a permanent
ban on wildlife farming, outbreaks like this one are bound to happen again. For a bunch more information about China’s wet-markets, viruses, and wildlife, we have an episode on our Netflix show called The Next Pandemic, explained. It talks about a coronavirus could spark the next pandemic and what the world’s experts are doing to stop it. That’s on our Netflix show ‘Explained’. Check it out.

100 thoughts on “Why new diseases keep appearing in China

  1. Over on Vox.com we answered 11 of the biggest questions surrounding the Covid-19 coronavirus outbreak: Is it safe to travel? How does coronavirus spread? Should I buy a face mask? Read them all here: http://bit.ly/3cHFSgT

    What other questions do you want to see answered? Submit them here: bit.ly/2xjbJEj

  2. Dog winter soup…… the snout being the most “tasty” they boil the dogs alive to skin them. Never mind what else they do to animals that are still alive…… I became vegan during my time in China many years ago. This is Karma for these animals.

  3. Europe should learn China about farming and livestock production and meat handling. China still seems very backwards in these fields.

  4. Chinese logic for what is food or not: Does it moves? So it's food. If not, then we will find a way to make it so.

  5. 说的好像不吃野生物就不会有传染病一样。。。禽流感呢?猪流感呢?中东热呢?。。。

  6. Ah, the sins of our fathers. This generation of Chinese people should be able to solve this for good. And wow, look at all this racism in the comments.

  7. chinese people )and neighboring Asian countries) literally eat any and everything . they need to stop with their "delicacies"

  8. Leviticus 11 & Deuteronomy 14 – the difference between clean & unclean animals really makes a big difference.
    Before anyone says "waht aboot ChIcKeNz¡¡". . . yea thanks to the wet markets that's packed with other unclean wild birds, bats, pangolins, and etc., it's no surprise that the clean birds got infected.
    Heck, there's even a command to "not mix plant seeds", let alone a 'food market' that would put a zoo to shame by its "variety of choices."

  9. China is the world's cess pool. This is the video that more people should see and the main stream media should report on.

  10. for those wondering about why bears are caged up: There's a soup called "bear claw soup" i was told to eat a chinese restaurant here in Chinatown, Manhattan to "increase longevity." Supposedly it was very expensive soup and a considered a "delicacy" over there.

  11. These Chinese eats all kinds of animals. I blame them on this virus 🦠 how can someone be eating flies, cockroaches. Now look what they have caused. This virus was spreading little by little! Now almost the whole world 🌍 has it

  12. Covid19 from animals? BIG NO , Maybe The Truth is China Making Bio chemical Weapon But Failed Because Leaks.

    Virus from animals are easy to cure Than Covid19.

    Differrent Presidents in Whole World know That Secretly.

  13. This virus was developed in a lab it’s a modified version of the stars virus or several other viruses spliced into it to increase the incubation time and increase the transmission.

  14. Chinas animal abuse will never go unpunished, eg Yulin dog festival. It's despicable and they( China) deserve to suffer

  15. don,t know if this made world headlines,but months ago two Chinese scientists were expelled form canada after they were caught stealing samples/data from a level 4 lab in Winnipeg Manitoba.RCMP and officials say they were employed at the Wuhan facility in china..after their return we had this outbreak..don,t know if this has anything to do with the outbreak but i thought it should be mentioned

  16. Since the population of China is so huge and getting rich even the minority who do eat all this wild stuff is still in the millions. Too much money coupled with superstitions and stupidity not a good combination

  17. Blame the whole epidemic where it belongs: the Chinese.
    If they would stop eating any critter they can find this might cease.

  18. Hey idi0t. Show india map correctly. Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh are integral part of the republic of India.

  19. I just hate how much people are using this outbreak as a excuse to be racist towards chinese people. People are literally dying I don’t know how people could be so insensitive. People are acting like this did this on purpose.

    I appreciate you making a video about this. I hope that this sickness will be taken care of quickly.

  20. Britain got talent – show me dancing skills.
    America got talent – show me your magic skills.
    China got talent – show me weird food eating skills.

  21. And Chinese is not a race so it's impossible to be racist against. There's not even such a thing as Chinese it's just a country full of different ethnic groups and cultures ( but the coms wont tell you that). but dominated by the Han

  22. I understand how they got their but it amazes me how after a decade you don't solve a problem.. Money n gread

  23. Why didn’t WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION ordered that Chinese weird meat market to get shut down before somethings happen?

    World Health Organization should have been more vigilant for those people who sells dogs, snakes, bats, cats, rats ewwwwww

  24. "The majority of the people in China do not eat wildlife animals"..
    "Their government favors the minority, the rich-wildlife eaters, over the safety of the rest of the population"
    … It's the mistake of the Chinese government! They're should be the one infected!

  25. Maybe a sign from the higher power that all animals have a rights. At least stop all experiment or get the same place on us meat sacs.

  26. Because china wants to control the world using virus originates to their country. They produce virus so that people hunts panicly for antidote so what ever it may cost..from sars, melamin & other disease thry produce.

  27. China have many virus & bacteria. They dnt know cleanliness, they just want money. Money. Money. They can lend u a much money for high interest then spread virus to shut down the economy and interest blown every each day then if ur not able to pay, they turn over the power back to them thats their tactique of monopoly be like business.

  28. 1 like = 1000000000 prayers to the people who are going thru pain

    (i mean by liking the vid not my comment)

  29. I wonder what a perfect solution to stop any kind of disease from spreading from animals to humans would be… I'm guessing it should be something that concerns no human contact with animal body fluids. Well then HOW to do it? Oh, I don't know, MAYBE, but just maybe, stop slaughtering animals? I think that might actually work but correct me if I'm wrong… That's pretty simple, we stop animal slaughter, stop their suffering, we become healthier AND we stop spreading any other types of viruses or bacteria. Yaaay!

  30. Not from the wet market!!! It came from the level 4 facility! Same as the three other viruses that have leaked or were released from that lab!

  31. You need to start subtitling to other languages. I'd love to share this with my non english-speaking relatives

  32. Imagine your grandma dies in Kirkland Washington and finding out China is responsible. In this day and age all problems are world problems.

  33. Despite being the largest manufacturer, they also manufactured the disease. Thats why it said “Made in China”

  34. Except now evidence shows COVID-19 clusters from another location that predated the market outbreak by weeks.

  35. The ENTIRE world community needs to exert pressure on Chinas government to ban these markets permanently… because they are making them a global problem.

  36. wet markets are disgusting, misinformation makes this much harder to fight outbreaks, and the CCP is at the very least partially to blame.

  37. Well maybe if they stop eating every living thing that moves and stop stealing other countrys' natural resources, they will stop getting karma. 🙄

  38. China Stop eating everything that moves. The world is suffering for your inhumanity towards innocent animals and nature. STOP Barbaric THINGS LIKE YULIN MEAT FESTIVAL.

  39. What is neccessary to stop governmental Laboratories from STOPPING experiments with pathogens???
    I am not a conspiricy theorist, on the contrary. But let's start from a planet where we can be as save as we can be and do research in a safe way. First issue would be "DON'T CREATE ANY ARTIFICIAL VIRUS!'. Once it gets loose, there may be h*ll to pay. If that is truly what happens, we may never know. But I think it is a good idea to globally cartail the boundries within which these Laboratories work. Just being concerned, not pointing any finger.

    Something like "DON'T GO THERE!"?

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